Acute Coronary Syndrome

            ASC is the classification used to describe a range of conditions associated with suddenly reduced blood flow to the heart such as a myocardial infarction and/or unstable angina. This is when blood that is supposed to be supplied to the heart is suddenly blocked. Atherosclerosis is the primary cause of acute coronary syndrome. It is known as the buildup of fats, cholesterol, and other foreign particles that are clogged in the artery walls. ASC symptoms include chest pain, nausea, excessive sweating, dizziness, jaw/neck pain with radiation in the arm, and dyspnea. Acute Coronary Syndrome mainly affects those of older age.

Acute coronary syndrome can be diagnosed by a blood test, it can display evidence that heart cells are dying by looking at the blood count. An ECC can diagnose ACS by measuring the heart’s electrical activity of the AV and SV nodes and how the atria and ventricles contract. An echo as well can diagnose ACS because it uses sound waves to produce live images of the heart and can determine if it is pumping properly. Other diagnostic tests that could help diagnose ASC include coronary angiograms, myocardial perfusion imaging, and a stress test.

The cause of acute coronary syndrome is when a blood clot forms after a plaque deposit ruptures, the clot then obstructs the flow of blood to heart muscles. The low supply of oxygen to cells is too low, then causing cells of the heart muscles to die thus causing a myocardial infarction. Treatment of acute coronary syndrome includes an angioplasty, medications, or stent. Medications include statins, nitrates, beta blockers, clopidogrel, etc. High-risk factors of acute coronary syndrome include high blood pressure, obesity, unhealthy dieting, diabetes, high blood sugar levels, lack of physical activity, and smoking.

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