Systolic vs Diastolic Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathy (BZ)

Two major types of cardiomyopathy are dilated or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Both lead to a difficulty ejecting blood into the periphery, but they have different causes, pathogenesis and physical exam features. All cardiomyopathies have the possibility of leading to heart failure if it reaches the point where the body cannot meet the body’s circulatory demands. Congestive […]


Calcium Channel Blockers

Calcium Channel Blockers medications are to used to treat Angina, Arrhythmia, Hypertension. This group of medications will help the heart to relax and work more effectively


Platelets are primary hemostasis via activating vWF, adhesive to collagen, releasing chemical messenger for the thrombotic process, a platelet plug function. Aspirin will permanently bind to the COX activated site; this will prevent the production to TXA2.

Anti Arrhythmics

Antiarrhythmia medications are very important to rescue patients from dangerous cardiac arrhythmics. These dangerous arrhythmias are Afib, Aflutter, Atrial or Ventricular arrhythmias, or SVT, ect.

Adrenoreceptor Blocker

Adrenoreceptor Blockers is a group of medications that are used in managing hypertension in patients. They act on adrenergic receptors such as beta-adrenergic or alpha-adrenergic receptors. The medications can lower the heart rate, the heart contractility, and vasomotor tone of the blood vessels.

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors and Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers

Angiotensin Converting Enzymes Inhibitors (ACEI) and Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARB) are the drugs of choice in managing hypertensive conditions in patients with co-morbidities such as Diabetes or Chronic Kidney Disease.

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