Daytime Functioning: Sleep apnea can be a cause for daytime sleepiness and may cause difficulties in thinking clearly. In turn, this can lead to an increase in errors throughout the day and result in accidents being made. On average, motor vehicle crashes are two to three times more common in those who suffer from sleep apnea. In addition, those with sleep apnea are twice as likely to suffer from depression as those who do not have sleep apnea.
Cardiovascular Risk: Those who have sleep apnea are at an increased risk for various cardiovascular illnesses, such as systemic hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, coronary artery disease, cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure, and stroke.
Systemic Risk: Sleep apnea has been found to increase the risk of individuals developing type 2 diabetes among the general population. In a study that followed 8600 individuals with suspected sleep apnea, it was found that there was about a 30% higher risk of developing diabetes among those who had sleep apnea. In addition, sleep apnea has been associated with increased glucose, triglycerides, inflammation, arterial stiffness, atherosclerosis, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
Overall, sleep apnea has been found to be a large contributing factor to poor health and adverse outcomes.